English Grammar Tenses are an important part of English language. They are the building blocks and they help explain a situation and decide where the ‘when’ should be used in the language. Everybody has learnt these tenses in school but to remember them now may be somewhat grim. This language has 12 tenses. The present tense tells about the current or the existing situation. Some examples are ‘I do’, ‘they do’ etc. The other tense is the present continuous and an example is ‘she is going’ or ‘they are going’.
In the present perfect tense, the sentence should be ‘I have done’. Past tense tells about the things of the past. Here, the situation which has already happened can be considered and the example is: He already did. This tense also includes other sub tenses like past continuous, past perfect and past perfect continuous. Future tense tells about the future and directs a situation which is going to happen. An example is: I will do it. It also includes sub tenses like future perfect, future continuous and future perfect continuous.
Some languages do not have these tenses. They are used without tenses but if you do the same in English language, your grammar will go wrong and you will never learn English perfectly. In some tenses, you can use present and future both. For example, present simple tense. It is not very easy to form a sentence with mixing all these tenses. Students find it difficult when it comes to forming a sentence in active or passive voice.
Focus on the English grammar tenses and verbs which are used repeatedly. Simple verb forms are generally used. When writing a long essay, you will need a number of tenses. So, in an introduction, present tense will be used and it will conclude with simple past. Present perfect continuous, past perfect continuous, future perfect tenses are used hardly in essay writing. You can look into details to check out how to begin essay writing.
Possibly, you have to start with present simple tense in the introduction. Do not get confused between past and perfect tenses and keep the tense broadly reliable. Some of the sentences related to historical events are normally used in past tense. In English language, there cannot be historic present tense like any other languages like German, French or European.
Other methodology is if it is related to social sciences or engineering then use past tense. You are describing what has happened and so it becomes past tense. When you have to speak about the analysis of results then be sure to use past and present tense both. You should write about the previous years in past tense and of current years in present tense.
Use English grammar tenses in the same way as they are and do not change the tenses in the sentences which do not match. At last, the conclusion part comes where you have to use proper past tense. An example is: ‘In this essay, my aim was to………’.This tells about the past. You can even use future tense in the last sentence like ‘I hope that this study will be good for future’.
In summary, English grammar tenses are form of verbs that refer to time – present,past, and future which indicate an action in completeness or in continuation in relation to the time. There are all together just twelve English grammar tenses one need to know to master your English as follows:-
1) Simple Present Tense - I write
2) Simple Past Tense – I wrote
3) Simple Future Tense - I will [or shall] write
4) Present Perfect Tense - I have written
5) Past Perfect Tense - I had written
6) Future Perfect Tense - I will have written
7) Present Continuous or Progressive Tense - I am writing
8) Past Continuous Tense or Past Progressive Tense - I was writing
9) Future Continuous Tense or Future Progressive Tense - I will be writing
10) Present Perfect Continuous Tense or Present Progressive Tense – I have been writing
11) Past Perfect Continuous Tense or Past Pefect Progressive Tense - I had been writing
12) Future Perfect Contnuous Tense or Future Perfect Progressive Tense - I will have been writing